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Salamanders Young Burn Survivors > Be Aware! Be Safe!

It's easy to get burned. Anyone can do it.
Don't let it happen to you!

Danger is everywhere!

Even your own home has lots of things that can burn you if you are careless.

Out of every twenty patients treated in hospital emergency departments,
one has burn injuries that happened at home.

A split-second can change your life forever!

It takes only a moment to light a match and set something (maybe yourself!) on fire.
It takes only half a second for hot water at 70°C (158°F) to cause third-degree burns.

There are several different kinds of burns:-

Dry burns are caused by flames, things like cigarettes and hot irons, or friction.
Scalds are caused by hot water, hot oil, other hot liquids, or steam.
Chemical burns are caused by things like bleach, acids, and paint stripper.
Electrical burns are caused by electrical currents or lightning.
Radiation burns are caused by ultraviolet rays, x-rays, and atomic radiation.

What to do if someone is burned:-

  1. STOP the burning.
    • Flame - Put out the flames by rolling on the ground, or wrapping in a blanket or other thick cloth.
    • Scald - Get the person away from the steam or hot liquid and take off any wet clothing.
    • Chemical - Take off any clothing with the chemical on, taking care not to touch any of it yourself.
    • Electrical - Switch off the electrical supply, or move the person away using a length of dry wood.
  2. COOL the burn under cold running water for 20 minutes.
  3. REMOVE (take off or cut away) any tight clothing, rings, bracelets, or watches.
  4. COVER the burn with clingfilm (saran wrap) or a clean, dry cloth.
  5. CALL a doctor or ambulance.

remove clothing stuck to a burn;
burst any blisters or pull away loose skin;
touch a burn;
put ice on a burn;
put creams, lotions, oils, or fat on a burn;
put anything dirty, sticky, or fluffy on a burn;

If someone is touching outdoor power lines,
do not try to move them!
Don't even go near them!

Stay a long way away,
and call the emergency services.

Do you know what number to call in an emergency? If not, find out here, and remember it!